Identification

Adult Fleas are about an eighth of an inch long or smaller. These dark reddish-brown pests have three pairs of legs. The hind legs enable Fleas to leap as much as eight inches vertically and 16 inches horizontally. When viewed from the front, their bodies are flat from side to side. This enables them to move easily between the hairs or feathers of the host as well as the nap of carpeting. The Flea body is also covered with spines that project backward, which helps them stay on the host while feeding on its blood.

Barely visible to the naked eye, Flea eggs are smooth, oval, and white. Larvae are roughly a quarter of an inch long, slender, and straw-colored with brown heads. They are also worm-like and bristly-haired. Each has 13 body segments and chewing mouthparts but no legs. Eventually, the larvae enter the pupal stage by spinning their own cocoons. Pupae remain enclosed in these silken cocoons, which are also covered with grains of sand, lint, dust, or other particles of debris, until they are ready to hatch as adults.

Education

A female Flea lays up to 50 eggs per day until a total of 200 to 400 eggs are produced. While the eggs are frequently laid on a pet, they soon fall off the animal into carpeting, beneath furniture cushions and wherever the pet spends most of its time. Under favorable conditions, most eggs will hatch within two to three days, otherwise it can take a week.

Once hatched, the tiny, worm-like larvae remain hidden deep in carpet and cushion fibers as well as other protected areas until they reach adulthood. The larvae mainly feed on adult Flea feces (dried blood) found on the pet and in areas where the pet rests and/or plays. Eventually, the larvae transform into pupae, remaining inside its cocoon-state for a minimum of two weeks. However, some pupae may not emerge for several months to a year later.

As the cocoon is resistant to insecticides, adult Fleas may appear even after the home and pet have been treated. Fleas also require warm and humid conditions to develop. The larvae are particularly sensitive to temperature and moisture extremes, especially excessive dryness. Thus, Flea problems seem to peak in the spring, summer and fall seasons, but can occur year-round.

Since adult Fleas primarily live on the animal, not in the carpet, treatment of the pet in conjunction with the pet’s environment is an essential step to ridding the home of Fleas. Keep in mind, store-bought foggers do not work long-term, lasting only a couple of days and killing adult Fleas only.

Fleas are not only found inside the home and on pets, but also in the yard. While pets usually bring Fleas into the home from the outside, shoes or clothes can also transport Fleas. Therefore, it is important to treat the outside perimeter of the home in addition to the pet and its environment indoors.

Of all pests, Fleas cause the most discomfort and irritation to both pets and people. They account for more than half of all dermatological conditions requiring veterinary assistance. Even a single Flea bite to a hypersensitive animal or person may cause intense itching and irritation.

Customer Preparation

Inside:

  • Remove all toys, clothing, and stored items from floors, closets and underneath beds
  • Remove pet food and water dishes; cover fish tanks and disconnect the aerators
  • Wash, dry-clean, or destroy all pet bedding
  • Vacuum all areas including hardwood and tiles floors to remove eggs, larvae, and pupae developing within the home
  • Thoroughly vacuum areas where pets rest, play, and sleep
  • Treat pets in conjunction with the service, preferably on the same day. Also, use Advantage or Frontline Flea protection products to control developing populations. Failure to treat the pet and its environment will prevent the product from effectively removing Fleas from your home
  • After vacuuming, seal contents in a garbage bag and discard in an outdoor trash container
  • Wait and vacuum a second time to remove additional Fleas that may have emerged from pupal stage side.

Outside:

  • Mow and water lawn about one to two days before service

Customer Expectations from Treatment

In response to treatment, Fleas will act abnormally prior to death. Either more or less will appear and one or two additional flushing periods may follow. Expect to see some Fleas for two weeks or more following treatment. Occasionally, a secondary hatching may occur, but the residue will continue to work. This is because our products not only kill on contact, but act as a repellant by leaving a long-term residue that outlasts the lifecycle of the Fleas. Also, vacuuming continuously for at least 10 days and up to 2 weeks will help the newly emerged adults to come into contact with the product sooner.